Acknowledgements & Glossary

Brett Goldstein
Chief Data Officer, City of Chicago
Interview with Brett

Sonny Bhagowalia
Chief Information Officer, State of Hawaii

Ashley Casovan
Strategic Coordinator, City of Edmonton, Alberta

David Eaves
Open Innovation Expert, Eaves Consulting

Kathleen Vokes
ENERGY STAR Program Manager, EnergyStar

Prasanna Lal Das
Lead Program Officer (Knowledge & Innovation), World Bank

Kin Lane
The API Evangelist

Kristin Russell
Chief Information Officer (CIO), State of Colorado

Ashley Massey
Public Information Officer, Oregon State Marine Board

Chris Moore
Chief Information Officer, City of Edmonton, Alberta

Sandra Moscoso
Web Program Manager, World Bank

Andrew Nicklin
Technology Research and Development and Open Strategies, New York City

Mike Powell
Chief Innovation Officer, State of Maryland

Wally Rogers
E-Government Program Manager, State of Oregon

Dianna Anderson
Director of Information Architecture, State of Colorado

Bill Schrier
Former CIO, City of Seattle

Lara Torvi
Communications Manager, New York City

Derek Eder
Owner and Principal Developer, DataMade

Tom Schenk
Director of Analytics and Performance Management, City of Chicago


  • API – An API (application programming interface), at its most basic level, allows your product or service to talk to other products or services. In this way, an API allows you to open up data and functionality to other developers and to other businesses.

  • CSV – A CSV (comma separated values) file is a specially formatted, plain text file which stores spreadsheet or basic database-style information in a very simple format, with one record on each line, and each field within that record separated by a comma.

  • DCAT – DCAT is an resource description framework (RDF) vocabulary designed to facilitate interoperability between data catalogs published on the Web.

  • ETL – ETL is short for extract, transform, load, three database functions that are combined into one tool to pull data out of one database and place it into another database.

  • GTFS – GTFS (general transit feed specification) defines a common format for public transportation schedules and associated geographic information.

  • JSON – JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is syntax for storing and exchanging text information. Much like XML.

  • KML File – KML (keyhole markup language) is an XML grammar and file format for modeling and storing geographic features such as points, lines, images, polygons, and models for display.

  • RDF – RDF (resource description framework) is a standard model for data interchange on the Web.

  • REST API – The  representational state transfer (REST) architectural style describes six constraints: uniform interface, stateless, cacheable, client-server, layered system, and code on demand (optional).

  • RSS – With RSS (rich site summary) it is possible to distribute up-to-date Web content from one website to thousands of other websites around the world.

  • SEO – SEO stands for “search engine optimization.” It is the process of getting traffic from the “free,” “organic,” “editorial” or “natural” listings on search engines, like Google, Yahoo, and Bing.

  • Shapefile – A Shapefile is a digital vector (non-topological) storage format for storing geometric location and associated attribute information.

  • XLS – The original file extension used for Microsoft Excel spreadsheets.

  • XML – XML (extensible markup language) is a simple, very flexible text format derived from SGML (standardized general markup language) (ISO 8879).